The Greeks usually refferred to the Hoplite shield as "Aspis"( Aspida - ASPIDA), rarely as the Hoplon; Thus controversy rages over the etymology of the word Hoplite itself. The term may be derived from the plural "Hopla" (Armament). Rather than the singular Hoplon.
SPARTAN MORA of ELOS
Pausanias mentions a seaside polis near Sparta called HELOS, whose inhabitant's were enslaved and became Helots. HELOS was founded by Helios, the younger son of Perseus. The Polis was reduced by seige by the Dorians, and their inhabitant's became the 'First Slaves' of the Lacedemonian State. The MORA of ELOS, shield iconography had the Bull's Head with Horn's Downwards. These rugged tough Oxen were in existence in Greece up to the early 20th Century and their distant cousins are still found in the Strymon area in Northern Greece. In Cape Tainaro dominating the area was a Temple of Poseidon Tauraos. Also according to Mythology/Legend, given by Arnovius ZEUS in the form of a Bull came from the sea, and mated with DEMETRA in the ELOS area and sired Persephone.
SKIRITIS HAWK SHIELD DEVICE ca. 600 - 450 BCE.
The SCIRITAE or SKIRITAI (Greek Skiritai Skiritai)
were a people subject to Sparta. Whose status is comparable to that of the Perioeci, they lived in Skiritis, a mountainous region located in Northern Laconia on the border with Arcadia, between the Oenus and Eurotas Rivers. According to Stephanus of Byzantium and Hesychius of Alexandria, the Skiritae were of Arcadian origin. Their way of life was essentially rural, their territory was inhospitable, but was of strategic importance for Sparta, since it controlled the road to Tegea. Which explains why it rapidly fell in Spartan hands. Their status was similar to that of Perioeci, but Xenophon distinguished between them, writing, "to meet the case of hostile approach at night, he assigned the duty of acting as sentries outside the lines to the Skiritae. In these days the duty is shared by foreigners, if any happen to be present in the camp.
In war the Skiritae formed an Elite Corps of light infantry, a Lochos (Battalion) of about 600men, which were used as a complement to the Civic Army. According to Thucydides (v.67) They fought on the Extreme-Left Wing in the battle line, the most threatening position for the Hoplite Phalanx. "In this battle, the Left Wing was composed of the Skiritae, who in a Lacedaemonian Army have always held that post to themselves alone". At night, they were placed as sentinels ahead of the Army (Xenophon, Constitution of the Spartans xii.3) and acted as scouts to open the way for the King, whom they only precede.
AIAS the Great, AiaV Ajax the Great Shield iconography (Amphora pictorial's) ca.540-530 BCE.
ANCIENT HALIARTOS - AliartoV
Polis of Ancient Boeotia, and one of the cities of the Boeotian League. It is mentioned in the Catalogue of Ships in the Iliad by Homer, who gives it the Epithet poiheiV in consequence of it's well-watered meadows. In the invasion of Greece by Xerxes I in 480 BCE, it was the only Polis that remained true to the cause of Greece, and was in consequence destroyed by the Persians. It was however, soon rebuilt, and in the the Peloponnesian War appears as one of the chief cities of Boeotia. It was chiefly memorable in history on account of the battle of Haliartos fought under it's walls between Lysander and the Thebans in which the former was slain, 395 BCE. In 171 BCE Haliartos was Destroyed a second time. Having espoused the cause of Perseus of Macedon, it was taken by the Roman Preator Lucretius, who sold the inhabitants as slaves, carried off it's statues, paintings and other works of art and raised it to the ground,